A relatively new discipline, ski-archery, also known as ski-arc, combines archery with cross-country skiing.It is performed much like the Olympic biathlon, which features rifle shooting instead of archery. The archers carry their bows in a special backpack during skiing portion of the competition. The course is 12 kilometers long for men and 8 kilometers for women. One end of four arrows is shot every 4 kilometers, and, in one of those ends, the archer shoots from a kneeling position. Targets are 16 centimeters in diameter and are positioned 18 meters from the shooter. Each shot is either a hit or a miss. For every target missed, the archer must ski a 350-meter penalty circuit before leaving the target site. The first athlete to complete the course is the winner.

(Material courtesy of National Shooting Sports Foundation)