There are two subspecies of the band-tailed pigeon in the United States and Canada with geographic area used as the determining factor. The interior band-tailed pigeon is known as Columba fasciata fasciata and the coastal band-tailed pigeon as Columba fasciata monilis.
The IPSC is a non-political Confederation of non-political participating Regions, whose borders normally, but need not necessarily, correspond to national borders. For these purposes, Confederation is defined as being a league or agreement between two or more independent Regions whereby they unite for their mutual welfare, and the furtherance of their common aims.
The IPSC is established to promote, maintain, improve and advance practical shooting, to safegaurd its principles and to regulate its conduct world-wide in order to cultivate the safe and efficient use of firearms by persons of good character and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, to achieve such objectives by adhering to the following principles, which are established to define the nature of practical markmanship and are embodied in the following words: - Diligentia- Vis- Celeritas, namely, Accuracy, Power and Speed.
The International Practical Shooting Confederation was officially founded at the International Pistol Conference held in Columbia, Missouri, in May 1976.