- Although the flesh of the almaco jack is considered quality table fare, the species has been associated with ciguatera poisoning, a seldom fatal stomach irritation.
- The almaco jack is susceptible to tapeworm parasites in the caudal peduncle area, but the meat can be eaten safely if affected portions are cut away.
Recognized as one of the fastest fish in the sea, the elusive bonefish is found almost exclusively in shallow waters. Their long, slender bodies are streamlined and built for speed and power. They are distinguished by their bright silver coloring, small downturned mouth, and snout-like nose. They have a single dorsal fin and a wide tail. Younger bonefish have several dark bars across their back which fade with age or when taken out of the water. There may be slight blue, green, or bronze coloring on the back, sides, and snout.
Young bonefish travel out to sea to feed entirely on plankton. As juveniles, they return to more shallow waters, where they are primarily bottom-feeders. Bonefish feed on shrimp, crabs, clams, and sea urchins. They are often seen with their tails slightly above water and their snouts burrowing in the sand or mud in search of food, which they pick up with their downturned mouths.
Bonefish are found in tropical and subtropical ocean waters across the globe. In North America, they can be found in the south Atlantic; primarily around the Caribbean islands and the Bahamas as well as the Florida Keys. Additionally, they can be found in coastal waters in many Central American countries, such as Belize, Honduras, and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico.
This species prefers warm, shallow waters between 70 and 90 degrees. They can tolerate mild current but prefer the calm waters found in shallow lagoons and flats. While most bonefish are caught in depths of just a few feet or less, they can be found as deep as 20 & 30 feet.
- Bonefish can tolerate oxygen-poor water thanks to a bladder with which they can inhale air, similar to a lung.