- Although the flesh of the almaco jack is considered quality table fare, the species has been associated with ciguatera poisoning, a seldom fatal stomach irritation.
- The almaco jack is susceptible to tapeworm parasites in the caudal peduncle area, but the meat can be eaten safely if affected portions are cut away.
Sand perch (Diplectrum)
The sand perch is a small fish with an elongated, cylindrical-shaped body. Coloration is pale brown on the back and sides, becoming whitish on the belly, and there are several dark vertical bars or blotches on the side. There are also horizontal electric blue lines running across the head and body, as well as some orange and blue shading on the sides.
Sand perch have large mouths and sharp gill plates. The dorsal fin extends almost the entire length of the back, the pelvic fin is long and the back margin of the tail fin is concave.
Sand perch feed on small fish and crustaceans, mainly shrimp.
The sand perch is found in scattered areas of the western Atlantic. The range extends from North Carolina to Uruguay, but it is considered doubtful that sand perch occur in the western Caribbean or along the northern part of the South American coast.
Sand perch are a warm-water, mainly inshore species that inhabit bays, grassy areas along the coast and shallow banks. They are most frequently found over sandy bottoms, but occasionally can also be found over rocky bottoms. When offshore, they are associated with wrecks and reefs. They will also occasionally occupy deep channels.
Sand perch are a shy species that frequently hides when approached.
- Sand seatrout are closely related to the Atlantic coasts weakfish.
- The all-tackle world record for sand seatrout is a 2-pound, 3-ounce fish caught in Texas.