- Albacore are the only tuna allowed by the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed and sold as white meat. Because of this distinction, albacore is the most prized tuna meat in the United States.
- Albacore is considered inferior to other tuna meat in Japan for the exact same reason. Only some members of the billfish family (marlins, swordfish) and the mako shark are faster. Albacore have been recorded going over 55 knots.
- Close to 200,000 tons of albacore are harvested every year, most coming from the Pacific Ocean.
Yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus)
Yellowtail snapper have slender, streamlined bodies with a prominent yellow stripe that starts at the snout and broadens as it runs to the tail. They are blue, olive or violet above the lateral line and silver to white below with small red and yellow stripes. The entire body is covered with sporadic yellow patches. The caudal fin is yellow and white and is deeply forked. The two dorsal fins are yellow; the front with 10 spines and the rear has 12 to 14 soft rays. The anal fin is white with three spines and eight or nine soft rays. Yellowtail snapper have a small mouth compared with other snapper. The lower jaw is projected, with villiform teeth. The upper jaw has smaller teeth and around five small canines. The eyes are red.
Yellowtail snappers feed on small fish, worms, gastropods, plankton and small crustaceans. They feed in open water and on or near the bottom and feed actively at night. Young yellowtail snapper eat more plankton and small worms. As yellowtail snapper mature they eat more small fish from the open water.
Yellowtail snapper are native to the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to Brazil, though hey are seldom found north of the Carolinas. They are most common in South Florida, the Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
Yellowtail snapper are found in coastal waters near coral reefs. They prefer sandy areas around the reef. Unlike most snapper, the yellowtail snapper is found above the bottom of the ocean at depths of 10 to 300 feet. They prefer warmer water temperatures between 75 and 85 F. They are found both in loose schools and solitary. Adults move progressively further from shore as they get older. The young are found closer to shore near back reefs in weed or grass beds. Younger adults are found in rock bottoms. Older fish tend to stay closer to the reef. When mature yellowtail snapper establish a location, they seldom move far from it.
- Yellowtail snapper are fished commercially. The meat is sold both fresh and frozen.
- Yellowtail snapper are often raised in captivity. They can be found in many show aquariums.
- Eating the yellowtail snapper has been associated with ciguatera poisoning, a seldom fatal digestive disorder.
- Artificial reefs have been created in an attempt to increase fishing for yellowtail snapper in certain areas.