- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Recognized as one of the fastest fish in the sea, the elusive bonefish is found almost exclusively in shallow waters. Their long, slender bodies are streamlined and built for speed and power. They are distinguished by their bright silver coloring, small downturned mouth, and snout-like nose. They have a single dorsal fin and a wide tail. Younger bonefish have several dark bars across their back which fade with age or when taken out of the water. There may be slight blue, green, or bronze coloring on the back, sides, and snout.
Bonefish are found in tropical and subtropical ocean waters across the globe. In North America, they can be found in the south Atlantic; primarily around the Caribbean islands and the Bahamas as well as the Florida Keys. Additionally, they can be found in coastal waters in many Central American countries, such as Belize, Honduras, and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico.
This species prefers warm, shallow waters between 70 and 90 degrees. They can tolerate mild current but prefer the calm waters found in shallow lagoons and flats. While most bonefish are caught in depths of just a few feet or less, they can be found as deep as 20 & 30 feet.
Not much is known about the spawning season for bonefish except that it varies from region to region. After bonefish are hatched, they resemble small eels, no more than a couple inches in length. During metamorphosis, they shrink, develop fins, and mature into a smaller version of the developed bonefish. As they mature, bonefish primarily travel in schools. Smaller and developing bonefish congregate in larger schools while larger bonefish travel in schools of less than 10.
Young bonefish travel out to sea to feed entirely on plankton. As juveniles, they return to more shallow waters, where they are primarily bottom-feeders. Bonefish feed on shrimp, crabs, clams, and sea urchins. They are often seen with their tails slightly above water and their snouts burrowing in the sand or mud in search of food, which they pick up with their downturned mouths.
In addition to having a reputation as one of the most easily spooked saltwater fish, bonefish can swim at lightning-fast speeds. These qualities make for challenging, yet rewarding, fishing. Bonefish are known to scatter at the sound of boat engines and the splash of landing lures or bait. Consequently, bonefish are generally best pursued when wading or from a push-poled boat. Lures and bait should be presented well ahead of a traveling bonefish. Due to its relative quietness, fly-fishing is popular method of catching bonefish, although spinning tackle is widely used. Bonefish can be caught on live bait (prawn or conch work well), small jigs, and a number of flies.
- Bonefish can tolerate oxygen-poor water thanks to a bladder with which they can inhale air, similar to a lung.