- Albacore are the only tuna allowed by the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed and sold as white meat. Because of this distinction, albacore is the most prized tuna meat in the United States.
- Albacore is considered inferior to other tuna meat in Japan for the exact same reason. Only some members of the billfish family (marlins, swordfish) and the mako shark are faster. Albacore have been recorded going over 55 knots.
- Close to 200,000 tons of albacore are harvested every year, most coming from the Pacific Ocean.
Gulf flounder (Paralichthys)
The gulf flounder looks similar to their flatfish relatives, the summer and southern flounder. Both of the eyes are located on the left side, and they swim with this side always facing upwards. The left side of the body is an overall brownish tone that can change depending on the color of the immediate surroundings. They also have many white spots splattered over the body and fins. The right side is white and colorless. Gulf flounder have large mouths with strong, canine-like teeth.
Distinct from summer and southern flounder, the gulf flounder has three prominent, eye-like spots that form a triangle. One of these spots is on the lateral line near the base of the tail fin; the other two are located centrally above and below the lateral line.
To differentiate between the sexes, it has been recorded that the eyes of the female are located closer together than the eyes of the male, whereas the male has the longer pectoral fins.
Gulf flounder are bottom-dwelling carnivorous fish that feed primarily on crustaceans and small fish.
The gulf flounder inhabits western Atlantic waters from North Carolina to southern Florida, the Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico and the western Caribbean.
Gulf flounder are predominantly inshore fish that prefer sandy or rocky bottoms in water up to 60 feet deep. They will associate anywhere there is cover, in grass flats, rock or oyster reefs and along pilings and bridge supports. They also are known to move into tidal creeks at times.
- The all-tackle world record for a gulf flounder is 6 pounds, 4 ounces.