- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Jolthead porgy (Calamus)
The head of the jolthead porgy is distinctive from other porgies by its less rounded, sharp slope. Joltheads are silvery in color with yellowish brown areas on top and blue highlights above the eyes. They have very large eyes located at the top of the head. They are also larger than most of the porgy species. They have a long, spiny dorsal fin followed by a secondary dorsal fin and a long anal fin.
Jolthead porgies can be found in temperate waters in the Atlantic. Closer to the United States, they can be found off all Florida coasts and around the Bahamas.
Jolthead porgies prefer water above grass beds and around offshore reefs and patches. They are primarily bottom-dwellers and can be found in depths 20 to 30 feet.
Little is known about the jolthead porgys reproductive habits, though they are known to spawn offshore, scattering their externally fertilized eggs to the ocean floor.
As an omnivorous fish, the jolthead porgy feeds on whatever is available in its habitat, including algae and smaller fish. They get their name from their habit of using the large head to bump and jolt clams and other mollusks out of their hiding places.
Though relatively small for marine fish, jolthead porgies are strong fighters for their size and good sport on light tackle. Despite their fighting ability, they are not a popular target for most anglers. Most are caught on mainly live bait, such as shrimp, squid, or any number of cut fish.
- The world record jolthead porgy weighed 23 pounds, 4 ounces.