- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Lane snapper (Lutjanus)
Lane snapper are short, compact fish that are pink to red above the lateral line and often have a green tinge on the back and sides. They have 8 to 10 golden, horizontal stripes that run down the side of the body. Lane snapper can be distinguished from other snapper by a large, black spot that is above the lateral line on the back portion of the body, though this spot is also lacking on a few lane snapper specimens.
The anal fin is rounded and yellow in color. They have 8 or 9 soft rays and 3 spines. Lane snapper have short, yellow pectoral fins that do not reach the anal fin when against the body. The dorsal fin is reddish orange with 10 spines and 12 to 13 soft rays. The tail fins are red and black. The small mouth culminates into a short snout. The mouth has an anchor shaped patch of teeth on the roof of the mouth.
Lane snapper are found in the western Atlantic as far north as North Carolina and as far south as the southeast coast of Brazil. They are most common in the Antilles, off the coast of Panama and in northern South America. They are seldom found in the Bahamas and in the Caribbean.
Lane snapper are found in both muddy and clear waters at depths between 5 and 130 feet. While they prefer coral reefs and sand bottoms, they are found over any type of bottom with vegetation. Young lane snapper tend to stay closer to the shore in grass beds or near shallow reefs. The young also travel in schools. As the fish mature, they move away from shore to deep reefs and become more solitary. Lane snapper are often found in the same areas as mutton snapper.
Lane snapper spawn in late spring and summer. Spawning size is around 6 inches. They breed in loose aggregations over open waters. Their eggs are fertilized externally, scattered into the water, and hatch in approximately 24 hours. After fertilization lane snapper do not protect the eggs.
Lane snapper are carnivores that feed near the bottom. They feed on small fish, crabs, shrimp, worms and cephalopods. Lane snapper are opportunistic, preferring to chase and kill their prey. Lane snapper typically move away from reefs to feed. They tend to feed at night near grass beds. Lane snapper feed in the same areas as mutton snapper.
Though they don't reach the sizes of red and other snappers, they provide a good fight when caught on light tackle. They are bottom feeders that can be fished from bridges, piers and boats alike. Many lane snapper are caught near grass beds and coral reefs, over shallow and moderately deep water. Light spinning gear with 6- or 12-pound test line is suitable for even the largest lane snapper. They prefer live bait or cut fish to artificial lures, and many anglers employ chumming tactics to improve their odds. The most success comes when fishing at night, the period in which they typically feed, but they can be caught throughout the day.
- Lane snapper are considered a great tasting fish, making them a popular commercial catch, and their meat is marketed fresh and frozen.
- Lane snapper are often raised in captivity and can be found in many show aquariums.
- Eating the lane snapper has been associated with ciguatera poisoning, a seldom fatal digestive disorder.
- Due to the small size of lane snapper they are often used as bait for larger fish.