- Albacore are the only tuna allowed by the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed and sold as white meat. Because of this distinction, albacore is the most prized tuna meat in the United States.
- Albacore is considered inferior to other tuna meat in Japan for the exact same reason. Only some members of the billfish family (marlins, swordfish) and the mako shark are faster. Albacore have been recorded going over 55 knots.
- Close to 200,000 tons of albacore are harvested every year, most coming from the Pacific Ocean.
Littlehead porgy (Calamus)
Littlehead porgy have a compressed, deep body that is somewhat circular in shape. They have a distinct hump on the back just before the dorsal fin. Coloration is mainly silvery highlighted with copper or brass around the edges and throughout the body, especially on the fins. There also are unconnected vertical copper bars on the side. The snout and cheek are bluish-gray and some blue coloring may be present throughout the body.
The tail fin is deeply forked, and the head, as their name suggests, is small and ends in a short snout. They have a small mouth, a fairly long pectoral fin and two, connected dorsal fins, the first with spines and the second with soft rays.
Littlehead porgy are carnivores with a diet consisting mainly of invertebrates. They are not huge eaters, consuming only four times their body weight per year.
Littlehead porgy are found in the western Atlantic from northeastern Florida to the Bay of Campeche (Mexico) on the southern side of the Gulf of Mexico.
Littlehead porgy are an inshore and near shore species that are mostly found over sponge and coral bottom, usually hugging close to the bottom. Though young littlehead porgy are found in shallow waters near shore, adult littlehead porgy are almost always located further out to sea. They seek warm waters at 62 F or above.