- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
The deep-bodied palometa is a grayish blue-green on top. It shades to a silver on its sides and has a yellow breast. Both its dorsal and anal fins are dark and elongated, extending nearly to each edge of the widely forked tail. Both have blackish edges, along with the tail fins. The palometa also has four narrow bars, with the hint of a fifth near the tail fin, high on its sides that range from black to white in color.
Palometa are found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to Argentina, including Bermuda, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Palometa inhabit warm (70 degrees F and above) inshore waters up to 35 feet in depth. They typically form schools at the edge of the surf and will seek out sand, rock or corral bottoms.
The palometa is an open water egg scatterer that is believed to spawn offshore in the spring, summer and fall.
Palometa are predatory carnivores that feed on crustaceans, especially mole shrimp, mollusks, worms and smaller fish.
Due to their small size, anglers do not overly pursue palometa. Most are incidental catches on heavier tackle, but they can be good sport if caught on light lines and ultralight tackle. Small pieces of shrimp or baitfish on a light wire hook is a common approach, as are small lures and flies. Their table fare reputation ranges from fair to very good, though there have been reports of ciguatera poisoning in the Caribbean.
- The all-tackle world record for the palometa is 1 pound, 3 ounces caught in the Bahamas.