- Albacore are the only tuna allowed by the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed and sold as white meat. Because of this distinction, albacore is the most prized tuna meat in the United States.
- Albacore is considered inferior to other tuna meat in Japan for the exact same reason. Only some members of the billfish family (marlins, swordfish) and the mako shark are faster. Albacore have been recorded going over 55 knots.
- Close to 200,000 tons of albacore are harvested every year, most coming from the Pacific Ocean.
Red porgy (Pagrus)
Red porgy are medium-sized, humpbacked fish with compact, stocky bodies. They are red with a silver tinge on the body and head. The tail and fins are more of a pinkish color. Small blue spots cover the entire body. While most porgy have slit-like nostrils, the nostrils of red porgy are rounded. The dorsal fins have 12 spines and 1 soft ray. The anal fin has 3 spines and 8 soft rays. Males are much larger than females.
Red porgy are carnivorous bottom feeders. They tend to feed in schools and migrate looking for food. Their typical diet is made up of crustaceans, mollusk and small fish. Young red porgy tend to eat plankton and worms and concentrate more on small baitfish as they mature.
Red porgy are found between 57 degrees north latitude and 38 degrees south latitude. In the western Atlantic red porgy are found between New York and Argentina including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. In the eastern Atlantic red porgy can be found between the British Isles to the north and the Straits of Gibraltar to the south. This includes the Madeira and Canary Islands.
Primarily living near reefs and the deeper part of continental shelves, red porgy tend to travel in schools. They are migratory, seldom staying in the same location for any period. Young red porgy are typically found closer to the shore at a depth around 60 feet and are usually found in grass beds. As they mature, the red porgy prefer deeper water between 200 and 600 feet.
- Red porgy are fished commercially and sold fresh and frozen.
- Red porgy are often raised in captivity and can be found in many show aquariums.
- Eating the red porgy has been associated with ciguatera poisoning, a seldom fatal digestive disorder.
- Red porgy have been overfished in many waters, and angling and harvest limits are often highly regulated.