- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Silver seatrout (Cynoscion)
Silver seatrout are a relatively small fish with a short snout, small head and mouth and large eyes. There are one or two large canine teeth on the tip of the upper jaw; this and other characteristics cause many anglers to confuse it with the spotted seatrout. However, the silver seatrout lacks the distinctive black spotting. Coloration is greenish or brownish on the back and silver on the side and belly. Faint diagonal lines may be present on the upper body. There are two dorsal fins; the first is tall, pointed and short in length, and the second long and narrow. The tail fin is unforked and shaped like a broom, with the lower half longer than the upper half.
Silver seatrout are a western Atlantic species that are found from Maryland to Florida and throughout the Gulf of Mexico, where they are most abundant.
Silver seatrout are mainly an offshore species, more so than the closely related sand seatrout. There is conflicting evidence regarding their winter migratory habits, with some studies suggesting they remain in the deep sea and others suggesting they move inshore during the winter months. Most experts agree with the latter, though it is possible there is truth to both theories.
They are found in waters between 50 and 86 F, with a preference for waters above 77 F. They also prefer sandy or mud bottoms.
Silver seatrout spawn from May through October in the northern part of their range and even further into winter in the tropical part of their range. There are two peak spawning periods, the first in spring and the second in late summer.
Females deposit as many as 74,000 eggs, which are scattered and fertilized by males. There is no parental care after fertilization.
The main dietary components of silver seatrout are fish and crustaceans, mainly shrimp.
Silver seatrout are rarely targeted by anglers because of their diminutive size. They are often caught near the shore during the winter and offshore during the spring and summer.
Popular silver seatrout baits are cut fish or dead shrimp fished on the bottom.
- Silver seatrout are so closely related to sand seatrout that researchers have trouble distinguishing between the two species eggs.
- Silver seatrout are the smallest of the seatrouts.