- Albacore are the only tuna allowed by the Food and Drug Administration to be marketed and sold as white meat. Because of this distinction, albacore is the most prized tuna meat in the United States.
- Albacore is considered inferior to other tuna meat in Japan for the exact same reason. Only some members of the billfish family (marlins, swordfish) and the mako shark are faster. Albacore have been recorded going over 55 knots.
- Close to 200,000 tons of albacore are harvested every year, most coming from the Pacific Ocean.
Vermilion snapper (Rhomboplites)
The body of the vermilion snapper is slender, somewhat drawn-out and a vivid red in color. It has a series of short, irregular, diagonal blue lines formed by spots on the scales above the lateral line. The vermilion snapper sometimes appears yellow below the lateral line. The body does not have dark lateral spots found on some other snappers.
The vermilion snapper has a small head with a short snout. The mouth is small with a projecting lower jaw. It has large canines relative to the size of the mouth. The position of the small eyes make it appear as though it is looking upward. The dorsal fins have 12 to 13 spines, 10 to 11 soft rays and appear yellowish in color. The white anal fin has three spines and nine soft rays. The pectoral fins are too short to reach the anal fins when against the side of the body.
A carnivorous bottom feeder, the vermilion snapper usually feeds in schools, preying upon small fish, shrimp, cephalopods, mollusk and plankton.
Found in the western Atlantic from as far north as North Carolina to as far south as Brazil, the largest concentrations of vermilion snapper are in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Vermilion snapper live close to continental or island shelves at depths between 600 and 1,000 feet. They tend to form large schools with other species of snapper, including the red snapper. These fish prefer flat areas to slopes. Younger fish are found at shallower depths around 80 feet. Like the red snapper, vermilion snapper congregate around underwater structures such as reefs, shipwrecks and oilrigs.
- Vermilion snapper is the second largest source of revenue for commercial reef fishermen but is not heavily fished for recreationally. The value of the vermilion snapper catch is between $2 and $4 million per year in the United States.