- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Little tunny (Euthynnus)
The body of the little tunny is wider towards the center and tapers towards both ends. Coloration is a metallic light blue on the upper half with a pale silver underbelly. The upper back has wavy black lines and below the pectoral fin is a set of dark spots. The front dorsal fin consists of about 15 dorsal spines. There is an average of 12 dorsal soft rays and 13 anal soft rays. Behind the second dorsal fin and behind the anal fin are a series of finlets. The air bladder is nonexistent on the little tunny.
Found in tropical and subtropical waters in the Atlantic Ocean, little tunny usually occur in the area about 55 degrees north latitude to 30 degrees south latitude. In the western Atlantic, they can be found from New England to Brazil, though they are most numerous around Florida and the Bahamas and in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. In the eastern Atlantic, they are found from Great Britain to South Africa, including the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea.
Little tunny can reside in both inshore bays and reefs and offshore. Generally, they are found in waters up to about 500 feet deep. Little tunny travel in large schools as they migrate north and south in a seasonal pattern. In fact, some schools have been known to be 2 miles long.
Little tunny deposit their eggs in open water, where they are externally fertilized and allowed to float in the water unguarded. Although the season for spawning can occur anytime during the year, April to November appears to be the most active period in areas with water 100 to 300 feet deep. Females deposit eggs in batches when the water reaches the correct temperature. Each female can produce 70,000 to 2,200,000 eggs.
Little tunny feed on small fish and crustaceans. Among their favored foods are round herring, Spanish sardine, round scad, squid and fish larvae. However, they will consume whatever is found in their environment at the time and eat almost 3 times their body weight each year.
The little tunny are good game fish because they are numerous along the Altantic Coast and are a memorable fight on light tackle; however, because of their strong flavor they are not considered a good food fish. There is little or no commercial fishery directed at little tunny.
Flocks of seabirds are usually evidence of a school of feeding tunny. Their speed makes them hard to catch and even harder to keep hooked. Anglers catch little tunny using many fishing techniques, including trolling, chumming, casting, drifting, surf casting, pier fishing and fly-fishing. Little tunny are willing to follow baitfish into the beach, attack natural baits such as mullet and ballyhoo, or artificial lures such as jigs and feathers. The most enjoyable tunny fishing is done with light tackle with no more than 10-pound line. Tunny also make great bait fish.
- To lessen the strong flavor of the little tunny, remove the dark strip of meat that goes through the length of the fish.
- The world record for little tunny was caught off Algeria and weighed 35 pounds, 2 ounces.
- The little tunny is also known as the false albacore and bonito.