- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Yelloweye rockfish ()
Yelloweye rockfish are heavy-boned and spiny in the head and near-head areas. The spines are venomous. Coloration in juveniles is deep red with bright white to yellow horizontal stripes; when yelloweyes turn into adults their color lightens and the stripes disappear. Most fins have black on the tips. The caudal fin is rounded.
Baja California, Mexico to Gulf of Alaska
Yelloweye rockfish are usually found around rocky areas both inshore and offshore, such as reefs, offshore pinnacles, and steep cliffs. They are most common inshore at depths of 60 to 1800 feet.
Like most rockfish, yelloweye do not partake in migrations.
Spawning occurs in late fall or early winter. But since yelloweye are ovoviviparous (meaning the eggs hatch inside of the mother and are given live birth later), the young do not emerge until May or June.
Yelloweye rockfish feed on fishes such as gadids, sand lance, herring, lump suckers and other rockfish, as well as crustaceans such as rock crabs, shrimp and snails.
Yelloweye are known as good table fare but not good fighters. Like other rockfish, yelloweye are caught deep, so heavy weights or jigs are needed to get the rig to the bottom. Heavy metal lures and diamond jigs are used, often with a plastic grub or piece of squid attached. These can be bounced off the rocks or fished throughout the water column.
Also, like other rockfish, yelloweye have a swim bladder that often explodes out of their mouth when they are brought up from deep water, so catch-and-release is not a viable option.
Yelloweye rockfish can live to be over 100 years old.