- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Cabezon are a scaleless fish with a flap of skin over their snouts and a branched flap of skin over both eyes. The head is very large in proportion to the rest of the body, which can grow up to three feet long. The dorsal fin has sharp spines, and the pectoral fin is large. Coloration is both multiple and mottled, anywhere from red to olive green to copper; males are more likely to be reddish and females to be greenish. Darker blotches cover the entire body, while the bellies are whitish. The mouth is lined with a bluish color, and the teeth are small.
Baja California, Mexico to Alaska
Cabezon inhabit reefs and other rocky areas, as well as kelp beds. They are usually solitary in nature, and spend a lot of their time sitting in holes, over reefs, in pools or among kelp blades.
Females produce between 50,000 and 100,000 eggs per season, often laying eggs twice a season. The eggs pile up in masses on top of rocks, under rocks and in crevices. In California, spawning commences in late October, peaks in January and continues until March. They use the same nest year after year. Males vigorously guard the nests for 2 to 3 weeks until the eggs hatch.
Cabezon have a diet made up of mostly crabs, mollusks and fish, though will also eat fish eggs. They have been observed swallowing abalone whole, then spiting out an intact shell. They are effective ambush hunters whose coloring blends in with the reef; after lunging at their prey they engulf it whole.
Because cabezon are often found near reefs and rocky areas, anglers need avoid having them retreat into rocky shelter after being hooked. Cabezon are often caught using live or dead bait, especially abalone, mussels, clams, squid, shrimp or worms. Plastic worms also will work. Cabezon are known to be extremely hard fighters.
- The eggs of cabezon are poisonous to humans and many other animals.
- In Spanish, cabezon means big-headed or stubborn.