- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
California halibut (Paralichthys)
Like most halibut and flounder, the body of the California halibut is oblong and compressed, with both eyes on one side. Unlike most other halibut, however, California halibut might have its eyes on either the left or right side. Coloration is anywhere from light brown to black on the side with the eyes, and can include some orange and green. The bottom side is white. The mouth is large and the head is relatively small. They are larger than any other flatfish in their range, but smaller than the neighboring Pacific halibut.
Baja California, Mexico to the Ouillayute River, British Columbia. A separate population exits in Mexicos Gulf of California.
California halibut can be found anywhere from shallow, nearshore environments such as bays and estuaries to 600 feet deep, though they are mostly caught between 60 and 120 feet in coastal waters. They are found mostly over sandy bottoms.
California halibut spawn from April to July in shallow, nearshore areas. Eggs are dispersed and fertilized, then left unguarded.
It is speculated that the decrease in wetlands along the coast of southern California has caused a decline of the species in recent decades.
California halibut feed almost exclusively on small fishes such as anchovies. They are aggressive feeders that have been seen jumping out of the water in pursuit of prey.
Because they are such good table fare, California halibut are considered one of the most prized fish on the West Coast. Drifting with live anchovies or other fish on sandy flats is the most popular fishing method. Trolling or fishing in shallow water with either live bait or artificial lures will also get decent results.
- California halibut may live as long as 30 years.