- Black sea bass have dangerously sharp spines on their dorsal fin that can puncture human skin.
- The all-tackle world record for black sea bass is 9 pounds, 8 ounces.
- When hooked in deep water and brought quickly to the surface, a black sea bass will often regurgitate its stomach contents.
Redtail surfperch ()
Redtail surfperch have oval-shaped, compressed bodies. Coloration is silver with olive green mottling and reddish to brown bars on the side. The pelvic fin is a pale reddish color, and the caudal fin is pink to deep purple. The dorsal fin has sharp points that are much taller than the soft rays that follow.
Monterey Bay, California to Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
Redtail surfperch are commonly found in the surf zone along open ocean beaches, though they may occasionally be in bays around rocks and pilings. They are common in estuaries and protected embayments during the spawning season.
Unlike most marine life, the redtail surfperch is viviparous, meaning the mother incubates the embryos internally and spawns the live young into the surf. These young are born sexually mature, and can successfully procreate not long after birth.
Redtail surfperch gather before spawning in sheltered inshore waters during the spring and early summer.
Redtail surfperch eat small crustaceans mainly, but also will eat small crabs, shrimp, mussels and marine worms.
- Redtail surfperch are sometimes known as the rosy surf fish.